If you want an eco-friendly house, then a mud hut is ideal for you. All the products used to make this hut are organic and locally found. Mud huts are suitable for all climates. During cold weather, they provide the desired warmth and cool during hot weather. you may read this pros and cons from Quora
Mud houses offer better insulation and they use local materials so you don’t need to hire a contractor. Besides, they are easy to maintain and cost less. If you are here, I'm sure you want to know how to build a mud hut. I will delve into the steps of how to build this simple hut. Or you can Use a tent as a alternative.
Designing The Mud Hut
Mud huts are simple structures and do not need complicated designs. First, know the size you want. Knowing the size will determine the amount of material you will need to use. Identify where you want to place your door and your window. You can draw it down on paper just to get all the aspects correct. Most huts have a round shape, but you can try out different shapes such as a square or a rectangle.
Identify A Site and Gather Materials
As the name suggests, the hut is made from mud. Before putting up the hut, ensure your site is well-drained. Find a place that your hut will not be flooded during that rainy season. The area should also have just enough trees so that light is allowed into the hut. The materials needed are quite simple and few. You will need poles, plenty of water, hammer and nails, the correct type of soil, preferably clay, roofing material, a few rocks, and cow dung (optional).
Making the Foundation
Just like any other house, a mud hut needs a firm foundation. Measure out the size of the floor on the ground. Dig out the soil in that area, ensuring you level that area as you move. Dig out holes along the sides of your area about ten inches deep and one foot apart. These holes are where you will place the poles.
Use the poles to make the frames for the hut. Cut them, ensuring the heights are equal. Use solid poles so that your hut will be steady. For the vertical frames, cut a small V notch on their sides where the horizontal frames will be fixed.
Take the poles and put them in the holes you dug earlier. Stuff the holes with plenty of soil. To ensure they are filled, most people compress the mud in the hole, pushing them deeper.
Place the horizontal poles on the vertical ones about half a foot apart both inside and outside. You can use nails to ensure they are placed securely on each other. After doing this, the frame will have several small rectangular spaces.
These spaces are where you will place the mud. The poles used for the door should be stronger than the others. After the horizontal frames are ready, you can now place the roofing frames. The roofing frame depends on the shape of the roof.
Prepare The Mud
How you prepare, your mud plays a vital role. Since the mud will be what makes your wall, you want it to stick and adhere to the poles as much as possible. Mix the soil with water. The mud should be light enough to be moulded as you make the walls and still thick enough to form strong walls.
Do not use too much water since the mud will be too light and will not stick. You can add a few small rocks in the mud just to improve its strength after it dries. Cow dung and dry grass can also be added to the mixture.
Mould The Mud On the Poles
Pick lumps of the mud and using moderate strength to place it in the spaces. The mud should cover the poles completely and fill the spaces between the poles. Do not leave spaces between the mud and poles. To achieve these, keep compressing the mud together to remove any air spaces.
Mould the mud as evenly as you can to get that shape you are looking for. Do not forget the floor. The floor too needs to be moulded. You can level and compress the earlier dug soil on the floor. Continuously compress the soil to make it more compact and stick together.
You will notice that the walls and the floor do not yet have that smooth surface. To do this, you can use lighter mud. The mud should be paste-like. Spread the paste-like mud on the walls, both inside and outside as well as the floor. Do this until you achieve the smoothness you want.
Now that the frames are ready to support the roof, you can comfortably start working on it. If you are using grass for the roof, ensure the grass is very dry. Put the dry grass together, forming a thickness of about five inches. Place them starting from the bottom up. Secure them on the frames. As you go up, make the grass edges even so that your roof has a nice shape.
Doors and Windows
When the mud is dry and your hut stable, place your window and door. Do this carefully so as not to damage the mud. After doing this, let your hut dry. Give it enough time to lose most of the moisture in the clay so that the walls and floor become firm.
This Video From Building Skill
Conclusion: Making a mud hut can be one man's job, but there is no harm in asking for help, especially when working on the roof. You can also add come cow dung to the mud to make the mud thicker and colorful. Leave it for a few days before using it to allow the smell of the cow dung to subside. I hope after following the above steps, it will be easier for you to build a mud hut.